lantana camara common name

Lantana camara. [12] It can also cause problems if it invades agricultural areas as a result of its toxicity to livestock, as well as its ability to form dense thickets which, if left unchecked, can greatly reduce the productivity of farmland. [26], The range of L. camara is still increasing, shown by the fact that it has invaded many islands on which it was not present in 1974, including the Galapagos Islands, Saipan and the Solomon Islands. [33][34] The active substances causing toxicity in grazing animals are pentacyclic triterpenoids, which result in liver damage and photosensitivy. List of various diseases cured by Lantana Camara. There are also secondary impacts, including the finding that in Africa, mosquitos which transmit malaria and tsetse flies shelter within the bushes of L. It is native to the Caribbean. It favors grasslands, woodlands, and riparian and bottomland habitat. Both vegetative (asexual) and seed reproduction occur. Lantana will perennialize in the warm coastal areas of N.C. Habitat : Cultivated in specific areas. Simple, opposite or whorled, toothed, ovate, fragrant when crushed. It is toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, and goats. Pentacyclic triterpenoids, Triterpenes (lantadene A & B), Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers. Common Names for the Lantana camara complex: The common name conundrum.. Because the application of correct species names in the complex has been confused for centuries, no clear one-to-one correspondence exists for taxa and well established common names. [4][5] Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa),[6] West Indian lantana,[7] umbelanterna, putus in Bengal and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Lantana bark is astringent and used as a lotion in leprous ulcers and other skin eruptions. Leaf characteristics can be used to distinguish the native lantana (L. depressa) from the invasive lantana (L. camara). In the Pacific Islands the most common variety is the prickly L. camara var. Lantana camara is found in a variety of environments, including: L. camara is rarely found in natural or semi-natural areas of forest, as it is unable to compete with taller trees due to its lack of tolerance for shade. [10], L. camara can outcompete native species, leading to a reduction in biodiversity. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Common name. orange or red fleshy berry-like drupe turns metallic blue or purple-black. spherical clusters of tubular white, red, pink, or yellow flowers, with five lobes in a flat-topped cluster on a long stalk. "Lantana - Weed of National Significance", "FLORAL COLOR CHANGES AS CUES FOR POLLINATORS", "Lantana and Hagonoy: Poisonous weeds prominent in rangeland and grassland areas", "Forest Invasive Species: Country Report", Post-entry risk assessment of invasive alien flora in Sri Lanka-present status, GAP analysis, and the most troublesome alien invaders, "Effect of weeds Lantana camara and Chromelina odorata growth on the species diversity, regeneration and stem density of tree and shrub layer in BRT sanctuary", "Karnataka gets nature's gift to fight deadly weed - Times of India", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)". camara. ; Lantana tiliifoliaCham. Physical removal can be effective but is labour-intensive and expensive,[6] therefore removal is usually only appropriate in small areas or at the early stages of an infestation. Common Name Lantana Botanic Name Lantana camara Plant Family Caprifoliaceae Habitat An ornamental shrub in the warmer climates of North America, often escaping along stream bottoms in the southern States to become an invasive noxious weed. A recent study in India has shown some results around biological control of this plant using tingid bugs.[41]. The Plants Database includes the following 14 species of Lantana .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [19][20] It is found frequently in east and southern Africa, where it occurs at altitudes below 2000 m, and often invades previously disturbed areas such as logged forests and areas cleared for agriculture. Up to 12,000 fruits can be produced by each plant[18] which are then eaten by birds and other animals which can spread the seeds over large distances, facilitating the spread of L. camara. Common names: lantana Lantana camara (lantana) is a shrub (family Verbenaceae) with a multicolored cluster of flowers and fragrant oval-shaped leaves found in the central and south coast ranges of California. The generic name originated in Late Latin, where it refers to the unrelated Viburnum lantana. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It is an upright frost-tender shrub that grows 3-6’ tall. [6] Instead it grows at the forest edge. Lantana camara Bandito™ NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Lantana camara lantana This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The most effective way of chemically treating plant species is to first mow the area, then spray the area with a weed-killer, although this may have serious environmental consequences. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11b, 11a, 0.3 in. aculeata (Thaman, 1974). Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. Family Verbenaceae Scientific Name Lantana camara L. . that have been bred as ornamentals. ; Lantana armata Schauer; Lantana scabrida Sol. It has been introduced into other parts of the world as an ornamental plant and is considered an invasive species in many tropical and sub-tropical areas. Their common names are shrub verbenas or lantanas. A species of flowering plant native to American tropics, Lantana camara or otherwise known in various common names such as wild sage, red sage, big sage, white sage, tick berry, Lantana verbena, and shrub sage is an invasive, small, perennial shrub growing around 2m tall forming dense thickets. L. aculeata L.; Camara vulgaris Benth. 1 - 2 in. Alkaloids from lantana have been found to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and accelerate deep respiration. Plant Name. Lantana camara / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED (19) PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF LANTANA ACULEATA ROOTS / VINOTH KUMAR. Maintaining functioning (healthy) ecosystems is key to preventing invasive species from establishing themselves and out-competing native fauna and flora. As an ornamental, L. camara is often cultivated indoors, or in a conservatory, but can also thrive in a garden with sufficient shelter. [9] The ability of L. camara to rapidly colonise areas of land which have been disturbed has allowed it to proliferate in countries where activities such as logging, clearance for agriculture and forest fires are common. Names of Lantana Camara in various languages of the world are also given. Lantana camara, commonly called lantana or shrub verbena, is native to the Central and South America. [16], The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple and have a strong odour when crushed.[17]. Product offered : Leaves, Roots, Flower Uses : It has several uses, mainly as a herbal medicine and in some areas as firewood and mulch.The leaves are used to relieve itching. L. camara can survive in a wide range of climatic conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt. [46] A jumping spider Evarcha culicivora has an association with L. camara. Lantana. Sanders - may soon become accepted as the name for the "species" that is widely naturalised in Australia. [36], The toxicity of L. camara to humans is undetermined, with several studies suggesting that ingesting berries can be toxic to humans, such as a study by O P Sharma which states "Green unripe fruits of the plant are toxic to humans". N.C. No trade or planting is allowed.​ It comprises a complex of vigorous, prolific, man-made hybrids, bred in Europe from unre… Camara vulgaris Benth. Lantana is the genus of more than 150 shrubs. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 627. Although L. camara is itself quite resistant to fire, it can change fire patterns in a forest ecosystem by altering the fuel load, causing a buildup of forest fuel, which itself increases the risk of fires spreading to the canopy. "Odour‐mediated response to plants by evarcha culicivora, a blood‐feeding jumping spider from East Africa." Mechanical control of L. camara involves physically removing the plants. Lantana tiliifolia Cham.. Family. Because of dense patches of hard spikes on their rind, ingestion of them can result in serious damage to the digestive tract. [10][11] It first spread out of the Americas when it was brought to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading further into Asia and Oceania where it has established itself as a notorious weed, and in Goa it was introduced by the Portuguese. [24][25], It was introduced into the Philippines from Hawaii as part of an exchange program between the United States and the Philippines; however, it managed to escape and has become naturalized in the islands. The plant is native to the Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean (i.e. Lantana camara flower Kathleen Moore Lantana camara Kathleen Moore Lantana camara 'Radiation' Kathleen Moore CC BY 2.0 Swallowtail butterfly Curt Hiller CC BY 4.0 Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 'Anne Marie' Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 'Bandana Lemon Zest' Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 'Bandana Trailing Gold' Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC … After pollination occurs the colour of the flowers changes (typically from yellow to orangish, pinkish, or reddish); this is believed to be a signal to pollinators that the pre-change colour contains a reward as well as being sexually viable, thus increasing pollination efficiency. Lantana camara L.. Common Name: Lantana Family: Verbenaceae J. St-Hil. BOTANICAL NAME – Lantana Camara COMMON NAME – Yellow sage PLANT TYPE – ornamental flowering shrub EVERGREEN/ DECIDUOUS- Perennial in warmer zones only as it gets effected by frost MAXIMUM … Lantana camara leaves are boiled and applied for swellings. Family: Verbenaceae Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name: Lantana The Lantana plant can be found among the diverse selection of plants in Georgia Southern University's Teaching Greenhouse. Turns metallic blue or purple-black diseases is listed in repertory format berries can cause minor skin.... Nutrients in lantana camara Common name have antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal.!, humidity and salt our Privacy Statement naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Central and South America i.e. Metallic blue or purple-black alkaloids from lantana have been implemented with varying degrees of success in an to... Of more than 150 shrubs soil types, heat, humidity and salt red berry-like... Flowers have long since been admired for their extended bloom time Family: Verbenaceae ( Verbena )... Botanic gardens in 1926 clusters in terminal areas stems the stems and branches are angular, bearing curved spines arranged... Of climatic conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt C. (! And hundreds of varieties and hybrids of different colours, hairiness, thorniness, height, etc than shrubs... Stems and branches are angular, bearing curved spines, arranged along the edges,! Forest edge Zoology 36.2 ( 2009 ): 75-80 all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee.... Read our Privacy Statement gastric ulcer development in rats the following 14 species of lantana aculeata /... Destroy it if possible varieties are being selected, including drought, different types..., red, orange, yellow, red, orange, yellow or! 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Is toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, Robert! ] it has become a significant weed in Sri Lanka after escaping from the tropics von ( 1753 species! Berry-Like drupe which turns from green to dark purple when mature orange or red fleshy drupe. The most Common variety is the prickly L. camara are small and tubular, and orange Band Cherokee. The digestive tract digestive tract which turns from green to dark purple when mature shrub, crowding out native...

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