1860 census abbreviations

In addition the abbreviations … 1860 Federal Census of Tyrrell County, NC ... (SCH), was unable to read and write (R/W), and any impairments listed by the census taker; List of abbreviations used for occupations and place of birth. All persons who were living on the 1st day of June 1860 were included. Because of this, the census is often the best starting point for genealogical research after home sources have been exhausted. Some census records also abbreviate occupations due to the lack of space on census forms. Please visit the Download Plug-In page for a full list. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history. 1900 Federal Population Census, by the National Archives Trust Fund Board. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1860 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, … US Census abbreviations for relationships, citizenship and military terms. Population by age, sex, and color according to counties; Population by color and condition (free, colored, and slave) by counties; Population by color and sex of cities and towns and other subdivisions; Free population, native and foreign, by counties. Some of the files may require a plug-in or additional software to view. The term for a miner was ‘groover’. Population of the United States in 1860, compiled from the original returns of the Eighth Census under the Secretary of the Interior. This is a list of U.S. states and territories by historical population, as enumerated every decade by the United States Census.As required by the United States Constitution, a census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790.Although the decennial census collects a variety of information that has been used in demographic studies, marketing, and other enterprises, the purpose of the census … Census Abbreviations Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790-2000 . The 1861 census was taken on Sunday 7 April under the provisions of the Census of Scotland Act 1860. This database details those persons enumerated in the 1860 United States Federal Census, the Eighth Census of the United States. The Constitution required that a census of all "Persons...excluding Indians not taxed" be performed to determine the collection of taxes and the appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives. 1870 ... County Name Abbreviations as Seen on the Census Maps. In The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy, ed. This database provides details about those persons, including age, sex, and color, but unfortunately, most schedules omit personal names. Analytic introduction discusses the following: Population of the United States, slavery, Indian slavery, manumission of slaves, fugitive slaves, area and density of population, … 1860 Census Geography. Each district was assigned a U.S. marshal who hired other marshals to administer the census. In this handy reference list, we provide abbreviations for several hundred occupations. 1860 Census Online by Townships. Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1860. This is a census of the U.S. population as of 01 June 1860. The United States was the first country to call for a regularly held census. You MUST use the 1860 census year template if you aren't using CART. Standard abbreviations are used for all the states. Colonial American English: A Glossary by Richard M. Lederer. Online collections of audio, infographics, photos, publications, videos, working papers, etc. The database presently includes the following states and territories: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Dakota Territory, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas Territory (includes parts of Colorado), Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska Territory (includes parts of North and South Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico Territory (includes Arizona), New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington Territory and Wisconsin. 1911 was the first census where the British Army overseas was enumerated; previously there was only a headcount. No relationships were shown between members of a household. With this update the fields that were previously missed have been keyed and added to the collection. (If you do not initially find the name on the page that you are linked to, try a few pages forward or backward, as sometimes different pages had the same page number.). The Dictionary of Genealogy by Terrick H. Fitzhugh. Marshals and their assistants conducted the 1860 census according to provisions of the 1850 Census Act. That little two-man company that presented their invention to the Census Office back in 1850 goes by the name of IBM today." Racial Designations on the Federal Census for Marshall County, Mississippi, 1860.” This paper presented roughly one thousand individuals who were, supposedly, “listed as ‘free white mulattoes'--a non-standard racial designation.” To support that conclusion, the author commendably described his analysis of the census data. Abbreviations for occupations in 1860 Greene County census: Atty - Attorney BS - Blacksmith BrM - Brick mason Crp - Carpenter Ck - Clerk CtClk - Court Clerk DayL - Day laborer Dom - Domestic work F - Farmer/farming FL - Farm laborer Gro - Grocer Hk - Housekeeper/housework L - Laborer MC - Mail carrier MD - Physician Mer - … 1860 Census Day: June 1, 1860. (external link to the Census Bureau website) Please note that this is a .pdf file. All questions asked were supposed to refer to that date. Also: Appendix—"Deaf and dumb. This database details those persons enumerated in the 1860 United States Federal Census, the Eighth Census of the United States. The 1850 Census record is the first to offer the names and ages of everyone … George Francis Train, an American, introduced the horse-drawn street tram into Europe, opening the first stretch of line in 1860 in Birkenhead. Additionally, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to actual images of the 1870 Federal Census. In addition to the terms and abbreviations described below, section 5 and section 7 of this guide describe other conventions used in the censuses. This census transcription is organized by page number. … Some abbreviations of occupations are self evident. Learn where your ancestors lived, who lived in the household, ages, places of birth, occupation, and more. The population schedules are successive "snapshots" of Americans that depict where and how they were living at particular periods in the past. To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below. Abbreviations and Acronyms: A Guide for Family Historians A book by by Kip Sperry. It was the first census following the introduction of statutory civil registration in 1855 and the Registrar General for Scotland was given responsibility for its administration. Each year IBM improved their process and each census after 1850 used a "computer" to tabulate the results of the census. Some content on this site is available in several different electronic formats. 1860_census Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t1bk22m91 Mediatype collection Nav_order 80 Publicdate 2010-06-17 17:23:22 Related_collection us_census Subject census; United States Title 8th Population Census of the United States - 1860 Abbreviations used … 1860 Taos Census By Virginia Gomez Baca Grace Submitted November 11, 2010 Return to Taos County Main Page. You will need to copy EVERYTHING that is on your census. Therefore, census takers often found it necessary to use abbreviations to get all of the required information onto the census form. By selecting this link you will leave www.census.gov. Census Date - June 1, 1860 The 1860 census records the name of everyone in the household. Enumerators of the 1860 census were instructed to record the names of every person in the household. In addition, each individual is linked to the census image on which they appear. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1860 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, M653, 1438 rolls. Browse the list of 64 Census abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. 31 Mar 2020: Several fields such as value of real estate, attended school within the year, married within the year, were not keyed for a small number of records. No relationships were shown between members of a household. William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes, Heritage Quest: Bountiful, Utah, 2000. This database details those persons enumerated in the 1860 United States Federal Census, the Eighth Census of the United States. In addition to the page number, the index provides the microfilm page number where individuals are listed. Page1 Page2. This was followed in 1861 by the first tram line in London, which runs down the south side of Bayswater Road from Marble Arch to Porchester Terrace, and by two further short stretches of line. In 1860 Craighead County consisted of five (5) townships. Population of the United States in 1860, compiled from the original returns of the Eighth Census under the Secretary of the Interior. Added to this, enumerators were presented with printed instructions, which account for the greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses. The Census Bureau Library in Suitland, MD, is open to the public. Taken from Szucs, Loretto Dennis, "Research in Census Records." Census takers recorded many details including each person's name, age at last birthday, sex, color; birthplace, occupation, and more. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1860 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, … To browse this image set, select from the options below. This was an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census… No new records were added. This was the eighth census conducted since … The categories allowed Congress to determine persons residing in the United States for collection of taxes and the appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives. 1860 Instructions Approximately 4,400 U.S. An outstanding reference explaining terms and … The 1860 enumeration also included supplemental schedules for persons who died during … The population of Scotland on 8 April 1861 was 3,062,294. Only the names of slave owners, along with the number of … Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. Persons in America and Europe who have devoted special attention to the interests of the blind.". San Miguel County, New Mexico 1860 Census Anton Chico By Virginia Gomez Baca Grace© Submitted November 11, 2010 Return to Census Index By Virginia Gomez Baca Grace© Return to Main Page. Others are not. Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. POWELL TOWNSHIP 979 JONESBORO TOWNSHIP 1106 BIG CREEK … 1860 Census duration: 5 months. 1860 Abbreviations used for occupations * denotes Edited … Statistical tables for each State and Territory include: A final section recapitulates these data and in addition to the subjects already mentioned includes tables on the nativity of the free population in several large cities (Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Chicago, St. Louis, and New Orleans), and data on the deaf and dumb, the blind, and the insane by age and nativity. Census database search engines. List of most popular Census terms updated in January 2021 Here is another resource of abbreviations for occupations. This exhibit is based on files transcribed by Virginia Gomez Baca Grace. Some enumerators did, however, list the given names of enslaved people—particularly those over one hundred years of age—which are generally found in the "name of slave owners" column. That act had stipulated that, according to the recommendation of the secretary of the interior, its provisions were to be adhered to for all future decennial … See Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 U.S. Census. There was the occupation ‘chip’ – that referred to a carpenter in 1860. These abbreviations – ranging from Na for naturalized to AdD for adopted daughter — can provide important information that may be critical to your research. It comes after words like place of origin including England, Tenn., Ill., NJer., so in the handwritten 1950 Oklahoma Territory census, it makes sense. Terms and abbreviations used on Census Returns If you find the description of an occupation not found here, I would very much appreciate it if you would email me with it so that I can update this site. Each of the U.S. Federal Censuses from 1850-1880 included a mortality schedule enumerating the individuals who had died in the year previous to the census year. Updates: 3.1 Coal mining information; 3.2 Naturalization Information; 4 References 1841 – Census abbreviations introduced to reduce the workload. Every effort has been made to keep this a true transcription of the microfilm. Find your ancestry and build your family tree with the best & largest free genealogy searches. The 1791 Territorial Census for the Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio is lost. Measuring America's People, Places, and Economy. Few, if any, records reveal as many details about individuals and families as do the U.S. federal censuses. Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Greene County, Arkansas. Begin your genealogy search here with genealogy census search engines. The 1860 census collected the following information: 1. name 2. address 3. age 4. sex 5. color (white, black or mulatto) for each person 6. whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic 7. value of real estate and of personal estate owned (required of all free persons) 8. profession, occupation or trade of each male and female over 15 y… The answer "Do" or "DO" means "ditto", or "same as the handwritten entries above" is the only answer that makes sense. The Post Office or Local Community was listed as Columbia throughout the Census. During the 1860 United States Federal Census, enslaved individuals were recorded separately in what were called slave schedules. 1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules, U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885, Provided in association with National Archives and Records Administration. Beginning with family number 207, the … Governors were responsible for enumeration in territories. The template columns should match the columns on the census page from which you are transcribing. There was a separate slave schedule, but, in most cases, slaves were not named but were simply numbered and can be distinguished only by age, sex, and color (black or mulatto). It determined the population of the United States to be 31,443,322, in 33 states and 10 organized territories. Township page . 33 States - New States in 1860 Census: Minnesota and Oregon; Territories – Kansas, New Mexico, Nebraska, Utah, Washington, Indian & Unorganized Dakota; 1860 Facts. Census abbreviations were used heavily in the 1841 census.This census asked for much more information about the inhabitants of Great Britain compared with the pre-1841 censuses of 1801 to 1831.The 1841 census now asked for personal information … 1860 Census: Population of the United States, Recapitulation of the Tables of Population, Nativity, and Occupation, Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), 1860 Census: Agriculture of the United States, 1860 Census: Manufactures of the United States, 1860 Census: Statistics of the United States. Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1997). 1 Abbreviations found in all Censuses: 1.1 Relationships and Occupations; 2 Abbreviations for 1910 Census. So it can be hard unless you use a 1860 guide. There were no substantial state- or district-wide losses. Catalog of NARA Microfilm Search Census Records Online Table of Contents General Information Includes: Introduction to Census Schedules Catalog Arrangement Microfilm Problems Census Indexes The Soundex Coding System Abbreviations and Terms Used in Soundex Cards Enumeration District Descriptions and Maps Other Schedules Research Hints Useful Publications Census … 9. Analytic introduction discusses the following: Population of the United States, slavery, Indian slavery, manumission of slaves, fugitive slaves, area and density of population, populalation at the military ages, sex, immigration, dwellings, nativities of the population, internal migration, marriages, births, mortality, population of foreign countries, the deaf and dumb, deaf and dumb and blind, the blind, and the insane. The official enumeration day of the 1860 census was 1 June 1860. The total population of Craighead County in the year of 1860 was 2,980. List of occupations from the 1860 census can be difficult to figure with abbreviations. The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. The 1860 census year began June 1, 1860 and ended July 24, 1860. This database is an index to individuals enumerated in the 1870 United States Federal Census, the Ninth Census of the United States. 1800 ... 1860 The 1860 Federal Census for Tennessee extant for all counties. By 1860, there were a total of thirty-three states in the Union, with Minnesota and Oregon being the latest editions. 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Abbreviations to get all of the Eighth Census of the United States Federal.... To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below addition the abbreviations … 1900 population! Image set, select from the original returns of the microfilm publications, videos, working,... Options below was listed as Columbia throughout the Census Bureau Library in Suitland, MD, open... The original returns of the United States to be 31,443,322, in States... Official enumeration day of the required information onto the Census persons enumerated in the Union, with and. Site you are n't using CART linked to actual images of the 1860 United States Federal Court system Censuses. Attention to the Census Maps hundred Occupations Guidebook of American genealogy, ed records reveal as details... Genealogy, ed Census according to provisions of the 1870 Federal Census for Tennessee extant for all counties printed,! 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